Global carbon emissions hit record high in 2018, International Energy Agency says

1We all know that greenhouse gas and carbon emission are the primary factors that catalyse global warming. That is why several natural environmental organisations from all over the world encourage everyone to reduce emissions.

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PHOTO: Global carbon emissions rose by 560 million tonnes last year. (Reuters)

Awareness is the first step we can do in order to reduce carbon footprint. We need to identify where and how these gasses are produced. We also need to know how we can change our human lifestyle so that we can reduce the production of such gasses. We can also slow down the rate of destruction of rainforests, so as to enhance the sequestration process. Under the sequestration process, on which scientists are working, carbon is locked up on a long-term basis.

What is a carbon footprint? It is the amount of carbon dioxide put into the environment by households and businesses. A carbon footprint is composed of both a direct or primary footprint and an indirect or secondary footprint. Our direct emissions arising from the burning of fossil fuels when measured give us the primary footprint. Meanwhile emissions from the life-cycle of products we use to compose the secondary footprint.

Typically, measuring carbon footprint production is done through the extraction of raw materials, producing the goods, and transporting and distributing them for final disposal with the ultimate consumer. This measurement process is called a carbon audit. It will list various activities relating to the business and quantify them in terms of tonnes of carbon produced.

Once measuring the carbon footprint of a certain business, and found out that it is producing a lot, the next step is to educate them on how to reduce that emission. Reduced use of gas, electricity, water, and oil apart from sourcing raw materials locally to reduce transportation will all help achieve this end.

Carbon emission has continued to increase and it can create a hazard to the planet. According to certain energy agencies, global carbon emission hits a record high last 2018. Read the full report here: